Letargo / Lethargy.
On March 11 the WHO Director-General, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, declared at a press conference the existence of a global pandemic due to the 2019-NCov9 coronavirus. According to data from Johns Hopkins University (Maryland, USA) there are currently more than 30 million infected people in the world, with Spain being the country with the most infections in the European Union.
Coronaviruses are an extensive family of viruses that can cause disease in both animals and humans, causing respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to other more serious conditions such as Middle East syndrome (MERS) and acute respiratory syndrome severe or SARS. The new virus, highly contagious by human contact, causes the coronavirus disease commonly known as Covid19, presenting symptoms such as fever, cough, shortness of breath and loss of smell. People with respiratory, cardiovascular and elderly problems are considered a high-risk population, and in a high percentage can cause them death.
The first cases are detected in the Huanan wet markets in the city of Wuhan (China) between December 12 and 29, 2019. Although there is still no specific cause of the origin of the new virus, it is declared biological risk. On January 31, 2020, the first person infected by Covid19, of German origin was detected in Spain, on the Island of La Gomera.
The Government of Spain decrees on March 14, 2020 the State of Alarm by the Royal Decree 463/2020 and the confinement of the country's population, of about 45 million inhabitants, due to the situation of health crisis provocated by the number of infected by coronavirus, which during this first period exceeded 700,000, with more than 30,000 deaths. ( data until the so-called second round of infections in October 2020 ). Are taken immediately contingency measures such as the use of masks, surgical gloves, safety distances of up to 2 metres between people, house confinement, time restrictions on the public highway, limited capacity in supermarkets or closure of all types of establishments, only remaining opened the strictly necessary ones such as large food supermarkets, gas stations or pharmacies and those determined in the de-escalation process.
According to the Royal Academy of Spanish Language the definition of Lethargy (lethargus) is "the pathological state characterized by deep, inactive and prolonged sleep, typical of some nervous, infectious or toxic diseases." Given the decreed house confinement and the need to document it, this essay shows the day-to-day confinement at home, passing through the different emotional states generated by the nearly 100 days of quarantine, such as anxiety, fear, insomnia, over information in media, exclusive contact with the love ones via telephone and social networks, doubts about what may happen in an uncertain future, a possible outbreak that may arise during the four phases of de-escalation and the social or economic consequences that this situation, that we face for the first time in our history, will cause.
Photography and text David Arribas
Text, edition and Translation Clara Muro